Vulvar Cancer

Vulvar cancer is a rare but serious disease that affects women worldwide. It can be a daunting diagnosis to receive, but with the right information and treatment, it's possible to overcome this condition. If you're looking for answers about vulvar cancer, you've come to the right place! In this blog post, we'll explore what vulvar cancer is, its different types and symptoms, and what causes and risk factors increase your chances of developing it. Additionally, we'll delve into the various available treatment options while also exploring prevention strategies to help reduce your risk of developing vulvar cancer in the future. Dr. Ankita Jain is one of the best vulvar cancer doctors in Dwarka.

What is vulvar cancer?



Vulvar cancer is a type of cancer that affects the vulva, which is the external part of a woman's genitalia. The vulva includes the clitoris, labia minora and majora, vaginal opening, and perineum. Vulvar cancer occurs when cells in this area start to grow abnormally and form tumors.


There are different types of vulvar cancer, with squamous cell carcinoma being the most common, accounting for around 90% of all cases. Other less common types include adenocarcinoma (which forms in glandular tissue), melanoma (which starts in pigment-producing cells), and sarcoma (which develops from connective tissues).


The symptoms of vulvar cancer can vary depending on its location and severity. Some women may experience itching or burning sensations, while others may have pain or bleeding during sex or urination. It's important to note that many other conditions, such as infections, can cause these same symptoms; thus, consulting your doctor if you notice any changes in your vulva would be prudent.


While it’s not yet clear what causes vulvar cancer, some studies suggest that HPV infection might play a role since it's found frequently among women diagnosed with this condition.

Understanding vulvar cancer is essential for early detection. Should anything feel off about your body down there, consult your doctor immediately so they can evaluate any potential issues.


The different types of vulvar cancer



There are various types of vulvar cancer, each with its own unique characteristics and risk factors. The most common type is known as squamous cell carcinoma, which accounts for 90% of all cases. This type of cancer develops in the thin, flat cells that line the surface of the vulva.

Another less common form of vulvar cancer is adenocarcinoma. Unlike squamous cell carcinoma, this type develops in glandular cells that produce mucus or other bodily fluids.


Verrucous carcinoma is another rare subtype of vulvar cancer that typically appears as a slow-growing, wart-like growth on the skin's surface. It tends to be less aggressive than other forms but can still spread to nearby tissues if left untreated.


Melanoma is a very uncommon form of vulvar cancer that originates in pigment-producing cells called melanocytes. This type often appears as a dark mole or lesion on the skin's surface and has a higher likelihood of spreading to distant sites like lymph nodes and organs.

It's essential to note that early detection and diagnosis are crucial for successful treatment outcomes, regardless of the specific subtype involved.


Symptoms of vulvar cancer



Symptoms of vulvar cancer can be difficult to detect in the early stages because they may not cause any noticeable changes or discomfort. However, as the disease progresses, women may experience a range of symptoms that could signal something is wrong.


One common symptom is itching or burning around the vulva area that doesn't go away with over-the-counter remedies. Other symptoms include changes in skin color or thickness, lumps or bumps on the vulva, and bleeding during intercourse or after menopause.

In some cases, there may also be pain when urinating or having sex. Women who notice any unusual growths or sores should seek medical attention immediately.


It's important to note that experiencing these symptoms does not necessarily mean a woman has vulvar cancer - many other conditions can cause similar effects. Still, it's always best to consult with a healthcare professional if you have concerns about your health.

Being aware of potential signs and talking openly with your doctor about them can help ensure early detection and successful treatment, if necessary.


Causes of vulvar cancer